The Pantheon + Hadrian

By Alice Chen & Kate Duda

The original Pantheon was built in 27 BC by Marcus Agrippa but was damaged and rebuilt twice, with the current version built by Emperor Hadrian in 126 AD. To be able to reach its form, the innovative use of pozzolana concrete poured into vertical layer molds were utilized, resulting in the largest unreinforced concrete dome. As the molds went higher, they were tapered to reduce the overall weight onto the supporting structure. In the 7th century, the Pantheon was consecrated as Sancta Maria Ad Martyres, allowing the structure to survive while neighbouring structures were falling into disrepair due to the lack of upkeep.

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